To ensure the proper quality of first aid to the victim, the provider should know: the procedure for providing assistance; the main signs of a violation of the vital functions of the human body; rules, methods, first aid techniques; algorithms for assisting and the main transport provisions given to the victim with various injuries.
The first aid provider should be able to:
quickly and correctly assess the situation that caused the injury;
determine the type of injury and assess the severity of the lesion;
quickly and competently make a decision on the conduct of first aid measures for the victim (determine the amount of necessary first aid measures and the sequence of their implementation);
to restore the conductivity of the upper respiratory tract (to have techniques for removing foreign bodies from the upper respiratory tract);
perform elementary cardiopulmonary resuscitation (perform artificial ventilation of the lungs and indirect heart massage);
stop bleeding in various ways (applying a tourniquet, pressure bandages, finger pressing of the vessel, maximum flexion of the limb in the joint) using time sheets and improvised means;
treat wounds and apply various types of dressings for injuries to the head, neck, chest, abdomen, limbs;
to immobilize limbs in case of fractures, dislocations, sprains with the help of service tools and improvised material (apply tires and immobilizing dressings);
use personnel and improvised means when transporting the victim;
give the necessary transport position to the victim with various types of injuries and lay the victim in a stable position on his side;
provide assistance with poisoning, burns, frostbite, hypothermia.