First Aid Requirements

To ensure the proper quality of first aid to the victim, the provider should know: the procedure for providing assistance; the main signs of a violation of the vital functions of the human body; rules, methods, first aid techniques; algorithms for assisting and the main transport provisions given to the victim with various injuries.

The first aid provider should be able to:

  • quickly and correctly assess the situation that caused the injury;
  • determine the type of injury and assess the severity of the lesion;
  • quickly and competently make a decision on the conduct of first aid measures for the victim (determine the amount of necessary first aid measures and the sequence of their implementation);
  • to restore the conductivity of the upper respiratory tract (to have techniques for removing foreign bodies from the upper respiratory tract);
  • perform elementary cardiopulmonary resuscitation (perform artificial ventilation of the lungs and indirect heart massage);
  • stop bleeding in various ways (applying a tourniquet, pressure bandages, finger pressing of the vessel, maximum flexion of the limb in the joint) using time sheets and improvised means;
  • treat wounds and apply various types of dressings for injuries to the head, neck, chest, abdomen, limbs;
  • to immobilize limbs in case of fractures, dislocations, sprains with the help of service tools and improvised material (apply tires and immobilizing dressings);
  • use personnel and improvised means when transporting the victim;
  • give the necessary transport position to the victim with various types of injuries and lay the victim in a stable position on his side;
  • provide assistance with poisoning, burns, frostbite, hypothermia.

Read also:

The human body and the environment. Influence

Technical security of buildings and structures, equipment and tools, technological processes

First aid for acute poisoning

Compensation for hard work and work with harmful or dangerous working conditions


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